The Definition of Mosaic according to Ancient History Online
Mosaic is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. The earliest known examples of mosaics made of different materials were found at a temple building in Ubaid,Mesopotamia, and are dated to the second half of 3nd millennium BCE. They consist of pieces of colored stones, shells and ivory. Excavations at Susa and Choqa Zanbil show evidence of the first glazed tiles, dating from around 1500 BCE.
Mosaics of the 4th century BCE are found in theMacedonian palace-city of Aegae and they enriched the floors of Hellenistic villas, and Roman dwellings from Britain to Dura-Europos. Splendid mosaic floors are found in Roman villas across north Africa, in places such as Carthage, and can still be seen in the extensive collection in Bardo Museum in Tunis, Tunisia.
The most famous mosaics of the Roman world were created in Africa and in Syria, the two richest provinces of the Roman Empire. Many Roman mosaics are found in Tunisian museums, most of which date from the second to the seventh century CE.
I’ve always been fascinated with mosaic art. I love the intricacy and the colors and they way the take small pieces and tell a story with them.
Mosaics can be made from just about anything from small stones, broken china and porcelain, jewels, crystals, marbles, tiles, even broken glass providing you round and smooth out the jagged edges.
I like to use old coffee tables and cover them with a mosaic for outdoor decoration.
You apply these to a base with glue and grout the piece after everything is in place. You wipe off the excess grout and can coat with a sealer. That is a simplified version of how to do it but it isn’t really that hard. You can color the grout to add to the design.
Here are some fine examples of work I found on Pinterest: